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towns are located on the slopes of the volcano, where the main
productive activities —farming and ranching— are carried out.
Plantain is the predominant crop in this zone, followed by the
The narrow part
of the island is formed by the Istián Isthmus, which at its narrowest
point is less than four kilometers wide. During rainy winters,
this stretch is covered with water, as if the island were divided
into two halves.
The island’s central
zone includes the Istián Isthmus from the skirts of Concepción
Volcano to the towns of Balgüe and Mérida to the southwest, covering
an area of approximately 69 square kilometers. The soils are composed
of a fine argillic texture, providing optimal conditions for agricultural
development. The main crops in this area include rice, plantain
are a significant source of employment, as are the incipient fishing
activities in Santo Domingo.
The zone of Maderas
Volcano includes the entire volcano, covering some 80 square kilometers.
This area has a variable and irregular topography, with rocky
soils and mountainous terrain.
reaches a height of 1,395 masl. Its vegetation is thick, with
a good level of conservation. In this zone, the predominant agricultural
activity is coffee cultivation, followed by rice, corn and plantain.